Perhaps Alexander was the first king of history who dreamed of winning the whole world. To fulfill this dream, he reached Greece, from Egypt, Syria, Iran, Afghanistan and present Pakistan.
Regardless of history, it is taught that Alexander’s army had been tired of fighting continuously and did not wish to fight further and war. There may be some truth in this matter, but the real fact was that before the river Dyaas, the Hindu republics and the districts allowed him to walk and forced him to return.
During Alexander’s triumphant campaign, his historians lived with him, who, after writing his blessings, hid at atrocities, and changed the defeat into writing.
But today we will tell you 8 truths about the lives and wars of this so-called world champion who will break the illusion of being great in your eyes.
1. King was killed by killing his brothers
Alexander was born in 356 BC in Macedonia, Macedonia (Mesodonia). His father Philip was the king of Macedonia, who had married many weddings.
When Alexander was 19-20 years old, his father Philip was murdered in 336 BC. It is also said that Sikandar’s mother Olympia had killed her husband by giving her only.
After the death of his father, Alexander killed his step-brothers and cousins to get the throne and became king of Macedonia.
2. Aristotle had shown the dream of winning the world
Sikander’s guru was Aristotle, who was a very famous and great philosopher. The significance of Aristotle can be gauged from the fact that in today’s whole world where – where philosophy, mathematics, science and psychology are taught, there is certainly a mention of Aristotle’s ideas and scientific experiences, even if one – In the middle.
Aristotle did the work of refining a genius like Alexander. Many historians believe that it was Aristotle who woke up the dream of winning the whole world in Alexander’s mind.
This can be gauged from the fact that during the victorious campaign of Alexander, Arthot’s nephew Krathashenjee also went with him as an army chief.
3. Such was the beginning of the victorious campaigns
alexandar in hindi
Alexander first started conquering the surrounding kingdoms of Macedonia. After winning the kingdoms of Macedonia, he traveled to Asia Minor (modern Turkey).
After Turkey, there was a huge Persian empire except two smaller states. The Persian Empire stretched from Egypt, from Iran to western India. It is notable that the Persian Empire was 40 times greater than its own kingdom of Alexander.
The King of Persian Empire was Shah Dara, who won his kingdom by defeating Alexander in three separate wars. But Shah Dara made a treaty with Alexander and married his daughter, Rukhsana, to him.
Alexander took about 10 years to win the Persian Empire. After Vijay, he took a very grand procession and started calling himself the world champion because he had won 60 percent of all the land by winning the Persian, whose information was of ancient Greek people.
Reaching India – reaching it, he also had to fight with small states, states and tribes, besides Shah Dara, in which he won.
4. Sikander’s war skills
It was the result of Alexander’s eligibility that his small army would have defeated large armies. Alexander’s war strategies are still taught in European books.
Alexander’s stone and throwing fireballs used to play a decisive role in the long haul war of large arms and his soldiers.
On many occasions when Sikandar’s army looked weak in war, Alexander himself went ahead and fights, which would increase the morale of his army.
Alexander’s Yavan army considered him a deity.
5. Alexander’s attack on India
Sikandar attacked India on 326 BC. At that time India was divided into small states and republics. The kings ruled in states and were the Ganpati chiefs of the republics, who took decisions according to the wishes of the people.
Sikandar was first encountered by Prince Ambhi in Taxila in India. The eunuch surrendered and gave assistance to Alexander.
Seeing the wealth presented by Sikandar Ambhe was stunned. He got into thinking that if a small state of India has such wealth, then how much will it be in India? Seeing the wealth of India, it has increased the desire to win India.
Here, a foreigner’s attack was not seen on India from Chanakya, an Acharya from Takshashila University. Chanakya urged all the kings to fight against Alexander to save Indian culture, but not all the kings came together due to their mutual enmity.
Chanakya also offered the most powerful kingdom of King Dhanand of Magadha, but he insulted Chanakya and removed it from the palace.
After this, Chanakya appealed to be one of the republics in which he was quite successful; these republics caused great damage to Sikandar during his return.
6. War of Alexander and Porus
Alexander’s most important battle took place on the banks of the River Jhelum with King Puru Ja Poros. This war is called the ‘war of patriarchy’, ‘war of the hedespace’.
The Maharaja was the master of a very large land including the Pooru Sindh-Panjab and was famous for his gallantry.
Sikandar’s army had to cross the Zahalam river to fight Poros, but due to rainy season the river was flooded and it was difficult to cross the river.
But in some way the Yavana army crossed the river in the night. King Puru was standing beside the river for the welcome of Alexander with 30,00 foot soldiers, 4,000 horsemen, 300 chariots and 200 elephants.
Alexander sent a message to Maharaja Porous, who asked Poros to accept submission, Porus did not do it.
After this there was a fierce battle between the two armies. King Puru, who himself describes the Yavan above 7 feet, broke with the Yavana army with his powerful army. Sikandar and Yavan were frightened by the horrors of the Greeks who attacked the Greeks of Poros.
On the very first day of the war, the army of Alexander was hit hard. After this war, the morale of Sikander’s army was broken and his army refused to proceed because if he somehow won from Poros, then Das could not compete against the 6 lakh army of Magadha across the river.
Alexander also felt that he would not be able to beat Porus and would take his own losses by continuing to fight. In the end, he sent Porus a proposal to stop the war, which Porus accepted. Now Alexander and his Yavan army had to return.
After this, after returning to Sikandar, Malav, Nihal and Tad etc. had to face organized opposition from Hindu republics because Sikandar’s plan was to go and win their territories.
Chanakya is believed to have been a major contributor to bringing all these republics together. All of these republics have caused great damage to Alexander and his army is defeated.
7. Alexander – a cruel and oppressive person
In our history books, Alexander is said to be a “great warrior” and also that he defeated Porus in the war and returned to his kingdom happily with his heroism.
But according to historians, Alexander never showed generosity. He was a very oppressive and drunken man. He had tortured many of his colleagues for his little mistake and tortured.
Once upon a small issue he killed his closest friend, Cleitos. His father’s friend Parmimian was also killed. He did not hesitate even to kill his mentor Aristotle’s nephew Artasthnese.
Famous historian Arriar writes – When King Basus of Bactria was brought into captivity, then Alexander punched him and nose-ear cut him later and killed him later.
Could such a cruel Alexander, be generous towards Great Porus? If Alexander had won from Poros, would he return them to his empire?
The truth is that the war between Alexander and Porus turned into a story by changing its winning writers into his victory and gave Alexander a great deal.
8. Alexander’s death
sikandar in hindi
After breaking the dream of his world conquest, Alexander started drinking excessively and became depressed.
Sikandar remained in India for almost 19 months. When he reached Babylonian (Iran), he died at the age of 33 in 323 BC. The cause of his death is known as malaria.
Knowing the truth of Alexander, he realizes that he was not a world winner and neither great nor great. There were many times more area than Sikander, Champa Khan and other kings had won. He won only 5 percent of the earth.
There is no doubt that Alexander was a skilled warrior and had a significant place in history, but there is no reason why he should be called the ‘World Winner’ with his name ‘Great’.
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