Alauddin Khilji took throne and became sultan by killing his uncle / father-in-law who was Sultan, who used to love him.
Alauddin Khilji was the second sultan of the Khilji dynasty of Delhi Sultanate. Alauddin Khilji was born in 1250 in Birbhum district of West Bengal. In 1296, he became Sultan at the age of 46 and died in 1316 after ruling for nearly 20 years. He had won a large part of India during his rule and no Indian King Sultan was able to stand as big as his empire for the next 300 years.
- Alauddin Khilji became sultan by killing his uncle / father-in-law.
- The real name of Alauddin Khilji was named Juna Muhammad Khilji. Prior to Juna Muhammad, Jalaluddin Khilji was the Sultan of Delhi, which in the relationship seemed to be the uncle and cozy of Juna Muhammad. Jalaluddin had done the care of Juna Muhammad as his son and his daughter’s marriage was also made to him. But in return, Juna Muhammad betrayed Jalaluddin.
- On 22 October 1296, Alauddin Khushi, when found his necklace with his uncle Jalaluddin, killed him with two of his soldiers, Muhammad Salim and Ikhtiyaruddin Hood and declared himself Sultan. He bought loyal warlords of Jalaluddin Khilji and killed him.
Allauddin Khilji’s empire expansion:
- Alauddin Khilji started expanding the boundaries of his state as he sat on Delhi’s throne. Allauddin Khilji was a very ambitious king and he used to call himself a second Alexander. He also assumed the title of ‘Sikandar-e-Sani’.
Empire expansion in North:
- Nearly all North India was under the control of Alauddin Khilji. In the north-west, the Khilji empire spread to the Punjab and the Sind river and in the middle of Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Malwa and Rajputana areas.
Conquest of Gujrat:
- In 1298 AD, Alauddin sent 14 thousand cavalry and 20 thousand infantry to Gujjars Vijay with support of Nusrat Khan. A battle was fought between Baghela King Karna and Khilji army near Ahmedabad and King Karna was defeated and ran away with his daughter Deval Devi and took refuge in Ramchandra Dev, the ruler of Devgiri. King Karna’s wife Kamala Devi was sent to Alauddin Khilji, Alauddin Khushi, changed the religion of Kamla Devi and sent her away to the royal harem.
- At the time of Gujarat’s victorious campaign, Nusrat Khan had launched a horrific slaughter and broke many big temples. Among them, Somnath temple of Gujarat is the most prominent.
- Nusrat Khan had enslaved twenty thousand Hindu women and enslaved little boys and girls. Statues of Somnath temple were broken down and laid on stairs of the Jama Masjid, Delhi.
Allauddin Khilji’s Mewar Invasion and Rani Padmavati’s Johar:
- In January 1303 Alauddin Khilji attacked Mewad with a large army. King Rana of Mewar was Ratan Singh, whose capital was Chittor. The Fort of Chittor used to have strategic importance, so it was in the eyes of Alauddin.
- There was a fierce battle in the army of Khilji and Mewar, in which King Ratan Singh was martyred. On 28th January, 1303 AD, the fort of Khizodhi was captured on Chittor’s fort.
- Rani Padmavati, wife of Raja Ratan Singh, with 16,000 Rajputans, entered Jawahar fire and saved herself from becoming a victim of the enemy’s lust. Khilji army killed about 30 thousand Hindu people of Chittor.
Other wins of North India:
- In northern India, the Khilji’s army won Jaisalmer in 1299 AD, in the year 1301 AD, Ranthambore was defeated by Malwa in 1305-1308 AD and Jallaur in 1304.
- Until 1311 AD, only parts of Nepal, Kashmir and Assam were left in North India, which Alauddin could not have authority over. After the victory of North India, Alauddin turned his attention towards South India.
Khilji empire expanses in south India
- The main credit of Alauddin’s South victory goes to Malik Kafoor. Malik Kafur had only led all the victorious campaigns of South India.
- In 1306, Alauddin Khushi sent a large army under Malik Kafoor to attack Raja Ramchandra Dev of Devgiri (today’s Daulatabad). After the fierce battle, King Ramchandra surrendered.
- In 1310 AD, when Malik Kafur reached Warangal of the state of Telangana, King Rudradev made his golden idol and sent a gold chain to his neck and sent it to Malik Kafoor as surrender, along with 100 elephants, 700 horses, immense money and annual tax Allauddin accepted the submission of king with the promise of giving all these assets.
- After Warangal, in 1311 AD, Malik Kafur attacked the Hesse ruler of Karnataka, Veer Ballal III, who surrendered.
- Malik Kafur won a large portion of South India and made a fierce slaughter of a loot-party. He also broke many temples including the famous temple of Rameswaram and built mosques.
Alauddin Khilji’s collision with Mongols
- At Alauddin’s time, Mongol was the world’s largest empire, which was spread all over Asia except for India and parts of Europe. Mongols invaded India many times during the Khilji but they could not succeed. Khilji defeated the Mongols in the battles fought on Jalandhar (1298), Kili (1299) and Ravi River.
Who was Malik Kafoor and his relationship with Alauddin Khilji
- Malik Kafoor was a kidnapper (Nirrat Khan) during the Gujarat campaign, in a thousand dinars, he was sent to the service of Alauddin Khilji. When the Kafoor came in front of him, he was impressed by the loneliness of khuffali kafoor. Kafoor was the first Hindu, but Alauddin converted his religion and made him a Muslim.
- All the historians agree that there was a sex relationship between Khilji and Malik Kaafoor. According to Jiauddin Barani, Kafoor was so loved by Khilji that he gave him the second most important position (Malik Naib) in his rule.
- Owner Kafur had participated in many wars from Khilji, and he is credited with the victory of South India.
Death of Allauddin Khilji
- In the last four to five years of his rule, Alauddin Khilji’s memory and understanding became weak. In these years, the entire command of the rule came into the hands of Malik Kafur.
- It is said that the Malik Kafoor one day killed Alauddin Khilji. This affirmation also comes from the fact that after the death of Khilji, the two sons of Khilji were blinded soon after Khilji’s death and malik kafur make sat khilji’s three years old son Shahabuddin on throne and took control of the throne and ruled himself. But only a few weeks after killing Khaliji, Malik Kafoor was also murdered.
- Alauddin Khilji’s younger son Shahabuddin was removed from the throne by his third son Mubarak Shah and ruled from 1316 to 1320 AD. After the murder of Mubarak Shah, the Khilji dynasty came to an end and the period of the Tughlaq dynasty began.