Somnath Temple is an important ancient Hindu temple, which is considered as the first Jyotirlinga in 12 Jyotirligs. Jyotirlig is the place where Lord Shiva himself appeared.
Somnath Temple is located on the seashore coast in Veraval city of Saurashtra region in Gujarat state. Somnath temple built at the present time was built by Sardar Vallab Bhai Patel Ji after the country’s independence. Earlier this temple was built several times in history and it was broken every time by a Muslim ruler.
According to Hindu texts, the Somnath temple was established by Chandraman, ie Som, itself. Som Ja Somaraj, Chandra is the second name of moon god.
According to legends, Chandra Deva had married 27 daughters who had been prudent, but Chandra loved Rohini more than all of them. Due to the injustice happening with the rest of the daughters, Efficient Prajapati cursed the moon that from now on your brightness will decrease every day.
Dreaded by curse, the moon god started worshiping Lord Shiva. Being pleased with the worship of the moon Lord Shiva gave the moon to the curse of the curse. He told Chandamam that your brightness will decrease for 15 days and after that you will start increasing your brightness for 15 consecutive days.
After the curse of the curse, Chandra Deity Somraj built a gold temple there and this temple became known as Somnath Temple. Somnath means’ Nath (God) of ‘Som (Chandraman)’.
One thing about Somnath temple is also said that here Lord Krishna had left his life and left for heaven.
shivling of somnath temple
Shivaling established in the temple
Somnath Temple History in Hindi
History of Somnath Temple
There is no historical evidence available about which time the Somnath temple was built for the first time, but still it is found that in 649 AD, it was rebuilt by the friendly kings of Vallabhbhai. In 725 AD this temple was defeated by Muslim al-Junaid of Sindh.
In 815 AD, Pratihar King Nagabhata rebuilt this temple. The fame of this temple was spread far and wide. It was very famous for its wealth. In the year 1920, Mahmud Ghaznavi attacked his Somnath Temple with his 5,000 thousand companions and killed 25 thousand people and took away all the wealth of the temple – Daulat.
After robbing Mahmud’s temple, King Bhimdev rebuilt it again. In 1093, Siddharaj Jayasim also contributed greatly to the temple’s prestige and its sanctification. Vijayeshwar Kumarapal in 1168 AD and King Khangar of Saurashtra also performed the Somnath Temple.
In 1297, when Nusrat Khan, the commander of Sultan Alauddin Khushi of Delhi Sultan, attacked Gujarat, he broke the Somnath temple again. He also broke holy Shivaling and looted all the wealth.
The order for the temple to be built by the Hindu kings and the breaking of it by the Muslim kings continued. In 1395, Sultan Mujfar Shah of Gujarat plundered the temple and in 1413 AD, his son Ahmed Shah did the same.
Somnath temple was broken twice in the period of Aurangzeb, the great emperor of Muslims, for the first time in 1665 AD and second in 1706 AD. After dismissing the temple in 1665 AD, when Aurangzeb saw that the Hindus still come to worship at that place, he was attacked again in 1706 AD and people were killed.
When a large part of India came under the control of the Marathas, another temple of Somnath Mahadev was constructed in 1783 by a Maratha queen of Indore, Ahilyabai, a few distances from the original temple for worshiping.
After India got independence, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Ji liberated Junagadh from Pakistan on November 9, 1947. They visited Somnath and took the water of the sea and pledged to the new temple. After his resolution, 1950 temple was rebuilt.
In 1951, India’s first President Shri Rajendra Prasad founded Jyotirling in the temple and this temple was completed in 1962.
Mahmud Ghaznavi Attack on Somnath Temple in Hindi
Mahmud Ghazni attacks Somnath temple
Mahmud Ghaznavi Attack on Somnath Temple in Hindi
Mahmud Ghaznavi’s attack in the attacks on the Somnath temple is the most popular because during this attack, Mahmud Ghaznavi had killed thousands of people and apart from robbing the wealth of the temple, he also broke holy Shivaling.
Mehmood Ghaznavi was the king of the Ghazni state of Afghanistan who attacked India for 17 times in the pursuit of wealth, in 1024 AD, he attacked Somnath temple with about 5 thousand companions; at that time about 25 Hajras came to the temple to worship Were.
Contemporary historian, Ubabi, wrote this horrific attack on the Somnath temple of Gajnavi in his book Yamini. According to Hubby, in the attack, Gajnavi received unimaginable wealth as gold. The more goods could be loaded on the camels, the rest had to be torn off. He put several temples, including the main temple, and made a split of shivling, and also killed nearly 25 thousand Hindus. Thousands of women and children were enslaved and taken to Ghazni, where they were later auctioned in the slave market.
After the fierce looting, Ghaznavi left for the return of the Rann of Kutch.
When the news of this slaughter-mang was heard to the Hindu rulers, their anger started flare …. In this way Bhauja, the Rajput ruler of Thar, returned and decided to teach Ghajnavi a lesson, but when Gajnavi got the news of this, he changed the path and proceeded towards Sindh with the run of Kutch.
The Jats of Sindh had also received information about this blood-vessel and it was also known that Mahmud Ghaznavi was returning back by way of Sindh. In such a situation, the Jat ruler of Sindh, Bhimsen Jat, made a tremendous attack by the siege of Ghaznavi’s forces and released many women and children enslaved. …… The army of Gajnavi was saved far and wide … and captured many people and killed them.
The fierce invasions of the Jats caused such damage to the power of Gajnavi that in order to attack Jats, Ghajnavi and her survivors were unable to mobilize courage for three years.
Interesting Facts About Somnath Temple in Hindi
Some interesting facts about Somnath temple
1. Somnath temple is a pillar on the seashore in the south. It is indicated by placing an arrow on it that there is no land in the middle of the Somnath Temple and the South Pole, that is, the land.
2. The special significance of Shraddha in Chaitra, Bhadra, Kartik month has been told. There is a huge crowd of devotees here in these three months. Every year about 10 million people come to visit the temple.
3. The work of arranging and operating the temple of Somnathji is under the Somnath Trust. The government has arranged the income by giving land to the Trust, orchards and gardens.
4. Near the temple, there are three rivers Deer, Kapila and Saraswati.
5. This temple is open daily from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. There are three artifacts daily, at 7 in the morning, 12 noon and 7 in the morning.
6. For nonviolent reasons, non-Hindus have to seek special permission for temple exhibition.