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Incredible role of women in India’s struggle for independence

Indian freedom struggle was a mass movement which involved the contribution of all sections of the society especially women.Women like Rani laxmibai, Hazrat mahal ,bisra munda’s mother played a prominent role from the very 1st war of independence in 1857. During the Gandhian phase their contribution increased tremendously during the initiatives of gandhi and women contributed in following ways:

  • Annie Besant, Irish by birth was a staunch supporter of India’s struggle for freedom. She founded the Home Rule League in Madras in 1916. She also founded the Theosophical Society of India. She was the President (First Woman President) of Indian National Congress for one term at Calcutta in 1917. She also edited ‘New India’ and ‘Commonwealth’. She had done ample work to formulate favorable opinion about the Indian question in outside world.
  • Lakshmi Bai : She protested against the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’. She refused to surrender Jhansi and fought bravely attired as a male during the Revolt of 1857 and died in the battle field fighting the British forces. Her courage inspired many Indians to rise against the alien rule.
  • Aruna Asaf Ali played a leading role during the Quit Indian Movement.She unfurled the National Flag at the Gowalia Tank maidan in Bombay to signify the commencement of the Quit India Movement and became a legend for thousands of youth.She edited ‘Inquilab’ a monthly journal of the Indian National Congress.
  • Madam Bhikaji Cama : She unfurled the first National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart (Germany) in 1907, organized Free India Society and began the journal ‘Bande Mataram’ to spread her revolutionary thought.
  • Sister Nivedita was an Irish lady named Miss Margaret Nobel who arrived in India in January, 1898 in search of truth. She propagated for the cause of India throughout America and Europe. She attended the Benares Congress Session in 1905 and supported the Swadeshi Movement.
  • Kasturba Gandhi : Kasturba, the wife of Mahatma Gandhi, was one of the foremost supporters of the Gandhi’s programmes. One of the first women to be imprisoned in Transvaal, she took part in the Quit India Movement (1942) and was arrested. She died while imprisoned in Poona.
  • Padmaja Naidu : Sarojini Naidu’s daughter Padmaja Naidu had entered the national scene at the age of 21. She became the joint founder of the Indian National Congress of Hyderabad. She spread the message of Khadi and inspired people to boycott foreign goods.
  • Madam Bhikaji Cama : She unfurled the first National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart (Germany) in 1907, organized Free India Society and began the journal ‘Bande Mataram’ to spread her revolutionary thought.

 

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