Culture Diversity India Places

India at a Glimpse – Incredible nation with multicultural society

India is the world’s 7th largest country by area with a population more than 1.2 billion. It is the most populous democracy along with the largest constitution in the world. India has seven neighbouring countries namely Pakistan, China, Nepal , Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The capital of India is New Delhi located in the Northern part of country. The word ‘INDIA’ is derived from a greek word ‘INDUS’ which means ‘The people who live near Indus river’. The major rivers of India are Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmputra, Krishna and Kaveri .
India is famous for its rich culture and varied heritage.  The two great epics of India are Ramayana and Mahabharata written by Rishi Valmiki and Ved Vyas . India gave birth to prominent saints like Kabir, Buddha, Mahavira, and Guru Nanak .
In modern times  where India is growing in each and every field , it has a great history too. From its popular culture to famous architect either it be Bhimbetka rock caves, the sun dial of Jantar Mantar Jaipur or the Kumbhalgarh fort. The monuments and the evidences are the proof of its culture itself . Many dynasties ruled over the country like Maurya , Chalukyas , Cholas, Pallavas, Pandya’s , Mughals and the Marathas. In 1600s AD European countries invaded India and the british controlled most part of India by 1856 AD . The main purpose of Britishers was trade but they slowly took charge of the Indian politics via adopting the policy of ‘divide and rule .
In the early 1900s AD millions of Indians started to protest against British rule and finally India gained its Independence on 15th august 1947. In the late nineteenth century the few people from the elite class who went to English schools for higher education and encouraged western sciences and education.  The students became radical which were against the superstitions and values in the society. Many orthodox practices like  Sati, Child marriage, problem of widows (social taboo) etc. were abolished under the leadership of great leaders like Raja RamMohan Roy and MG Ranade.
From then to now India has grown up bit by bit in every field like literature, philosophy, sports, music, human development, healthcare, science and technology and agriculture. It also produced great personalities in each and every field of life like Chanakya, Ashoka The Great, S. Ramanujana, CV Raman, APJ Abdul Kalam and many more legends .
India has 23 official languages and 1652 dialects alongwith many main religions like Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and Jainism. The perfect example of Unity in Diversity can only be seen in India.

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