ISRO is India’s national space agency, which aims to provide space-related technology for India. Because of ISRO, India is among the six countries in which it has the ability to create and launch satellites. Let us tell you some interesting facts related to this great organization:
1. ISRO was founded by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai on the Independence Day in the year 1969. He is said to be the father of the space program of India.
2. ISRO’s Head Quarter is in Bengaluru and it has a total of 13 centers across the country.
3. Nearly 17 thousand scientists work in ISRO. You must be surprised to know that many scientists dedicated their whole life to ISRO and did not get married each other.
4. ISRO’s Full Form – Indian Space Research Organization In Hindi it is called ‘Indian Space Research Organization’.
5. You would be surprised to know that India’s Space Department used to be the first under the Department of Atomic Department of India, but the work of the Department of Space was very high and in 1969, it was made a separate entity in the name of ISRO.
6. By 2016, ISRO has launched more than 100 domestic and foreign satellites. There are also large countries like America and Russia in foreign satellites. ISRO has earned more than Rs. 700 crores by launching foreign satellite.
7. Under the Chandrayaan-1 campaign, ISRO sent an unmanned vehicle to the moon class for research.
8. Chandrayaan was released from Satish Dhawan Space Center on October 22, 2008 and it took about 5 days to reach the moon and it took 15 days for the moon to be installed.
9. The scientists believed that Chandrayaan-1 would continue to work for 2 years, but unfortunately after 10 months, the mission ended only after the contact with Chandrayaan was discontinued in August 2009. But the good thing is that within ten months Chandrayaan had completed its 95% work.
10. You will be happy to know that due to Chandrayaan-1, India has become the first country to find water on the moon. Chandrayaan sent strong evidence of water on the rocks on the moon, which the rest of the world’s space agencies also believed.
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11. Under the Mangalyaan mission, ISRO sent another satellite from Mars and sent a satellite on November 5, 2013, which successfully established Mars class on September 24, 2014 after 298 days of travel.
12. With the arrival of Mangalan on Mars, India has already become the first country to reach Mars in an effort. Earlier, the first Mars mission of any country was not successful.
13. India is also the first country in Asia to reach Mars, as earlier China and Japan had failed in their Mars mission.
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Major rocket (launch vehicle)
isro pslv gslv hindi
14. The rocket is a wi-so that the satellites are released, ISRO has two major rockets – PSLV and GSLV.
15. PSLV is used to release small-sized light satellites. So far, more than 70 satellites have been released by PSLV.
16. With the help of PSLV, 10 satellites were omitted simultaneously on April 28, 2008, and on June 22, 2016, 20 satellites were set up in the orbit of the earth.
17. GSLV is heavily used to install satellites at a height of 36,000 kilometers from Earth.
Given the success of Chandrayaan-1, ISRO’s plan is to send another mission to the moon in 2018. ISRO’s plan is to land a vehicle on the moon land.
Aditya is a satellite, which will study the heaviest part of the sun, as long as the heavy part of the sun can be studied only at the time of solar eclipse. This mission is proposed in the year 2019-20.
Sending human in space
ISRO will send two humans under the mission for a period of seven days in the orbit of the Earth in a vehicle. However, on this mission the work will be started only after 2017 and perhaps it may take up to 2024 to complete.